Odin Icon designed by Ryan Brinkerhoff. Connect with them on Dribbble; the global community for designers and creative professionals. Magische und mystische Symbole 1 - Trends Vikinger Runen, Nordische Runen Tattoo. Auch bekannt als Odins Knoten und Hrungnir-Herz, die drei ineinander verschlungenen Dreiecke werden als das Symbol von Odin betrachtet.
Nordische Symbolekeystonerentalplaces.com › symbole › wikinger-symbole-bedeutung. - Image of Valknut symbol Odin's symbol. Auch bekannt als Odins Knoten und Hrungnir-Herz, die drei ineinander verschlungenen Dreiecke werden als das Symbol von Odin betrachtet.
Symbol Odin 1. Valknut the Welcome of Odin VideoTHE MEANINGS OF THE RUNES
At Ragnarok it will rise from the depths, and — oared by giants and with Loki at its helm — it will cross the Bifrost bridge to lead the assault on Asgard.
This myth shows how the Vikings viewed ships — a good ship can take you anywhere. The relationship of the Vikings to their ships is even more striking when we realize that - in some ways - these ships were glorified boats, and not what we think of as ships at all.
A Viking was completely exposed to the elements and could reach down and touch the waves. In such a vessel you would feel the waters of the deep slipping by just underneath of your feet as sea spray pelted your face.
The Vikings sailed these vessels all the way to the Mediterranean, to Iceland and Greenland, and even all the way to North America.
This level of commitment, acceptance of risk, rejection of limitations, and consuming hunger to bend the world to one's will is difficult for many of us to accurately imagine.
That is why the dragon ship will always symbolize the Vikings and everything about them. The Vikings believed all things — even the gods themselves — were bound to fate.
The concept was so important that there were six different words for fate in the Old Scandinavian tongues. Because the outcome was determined, it was not for a man or a woman to try to escape their fate — no matter how grim it might be.
The essential thing was in how one met the trials and tragedies that befell them. In Norse mythology, fate itself is shaped by the Norns.
There they weave together a great tapestry or web, with each thread being a human life. Some sources, including the Volsung saga, say that in addition to the three great Norns who are called Past, Present, and Future there are many lesser Norns of both Aesir and elf kind.
These lesser Norn may act similarly to the idea of the guardian angels of Christianity or the daemon of Greco-Roman mythology.
The Web of Wyrd symbol represents the tapestry the Norns weave. It is uncertain whether this symbol was used during the Viking Age, but it uses imagery the Vikings would instantly understand.
Nine lines intersect to form the symbol. Nine was a magic number to the Norse, and within the pattern of these lines all the runes can be found.
The runes also sprang from the Well of Urd, and carried inherent meaning and power. Thus, when one looks at the nine lines of the Web of Wyrd, one is seeing all the runes at once, and seeing in symbolic form the secrets of life and destiny.
Gungnir is a magic spear, with dark runes inscribed on its point. Gungnir never misses its target. When Odin sacrificed himself to discover the runes and the cosmic secrets they held, he stabbed Gungnir through his chest and hung from the world tree, Yggdrasil for nine days and nights.
As a symbol, Gungnir represents the courage, ecstasy, inspiration, skill, and wisdom of the Allfather, and it can be taken to represent focus, faithfulness, precision, and strength.
Ravens may be the animal most associated with the Vikings. This is because Ravens are the familiars of Odin, the Allfather. Odin was a god of war, and ravens feasting on the slain were a common sight on the battlefields of the Viking Age.
The connection is deeper than that, however. Ravens are very intelligent birds. You cannot look at the eyes and head movement of a raven and not feel that it is trying to perceive everything about you — even weigh your spirit.
Huginn and Muninn fly throughout the nine worlds, and whatever their far-seeing eyes find they whisper back to Odin.
Ravens are also associated with the 9th century Viking hero, Ragnar Lothbrok. Ragnar claimed descent from Odin through a human consort.
This was something that did not sit well with the kings of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden as it implied parity with them , and for that and many other reasons they made war on him.
Various sagas and chronicles tell us Ragnar's success led him to Finland, France, England, and maybe even as far as the Hellespont in Turkey, and wherever he went, he carried the raven banner with him.
His sons Ivar and Ubbe carried the raven banner at the head of the Great Heathen Army that conquered the eastern kingdoms of England in the 9th century.
The banner continued to bring victories until their descendant, Sigurd the Stout, finally died under it at the Irish Battle of Clontarf about years later.
In Norse art, ravens symbolize Odin, insight, wisdom, intellect, bravery, battle glory, and continuity between life and the afterlife.
For people today, they also represent the Vikings themselves, and the years of exploits and exploration that these ancestors achieved.
The wolf is a more enigmatic motif, as it can have several meanings. The most famous to the Vikings was Fenrir or Fenris-wolf.
Fenrir is one of the most frightening monsters in Norse mythology. When the gods saw how quickly Fenrir was growing and how ravenous he was, they tried to bind him — but Fenrir broke every chain.
Finally, the dwarves made an unbreakable lashing with which the gods were able to subdue the creature — but only after he had ripped the god Tyr's hand off.
Fenrir is fated to escape someday, at the dawning of Ragnarok, and will devour the sun and moon and even kill Odin in the last days.
Not all the wolves in Norse culture were evil. Odin himself was accompanied by wolves, named Geri and Freki both names meaning, Greedy who accompanied him in battle, hunting, and wandering.
This partnership between god and wolves gave rise to the alliance between humans and dogs. It is not entirely clear whether this was a synonym or a separate class of berserker.
We may never know for certain. The wolf has both positive and negative connotations in Norse culture. The wolf can represent the destructive forces of time and nature, for which even the gods are not a match.
The wolf can also represent the most valued characteristics of bravery, teamwork, and shamanistic power. The unifying characteristic in these two divergent manifestations is savagery and the primal nature.
The wolf can bring out the worst or the best in people. When viewed from the context of Norse mythology, Odin is quite different from what most people imagine today.
He is a god of contradictions, creator of the world and the one who made life possible. Odin was one of the most highly-respected and worshipped gods of the ancient Germanic people.
Odin is known by over names. These include various monikers and descriptive terms. Overall, the large number of names used for Odin makes him the only Germanic god with the most known names.
Some of these are Woden, Wuodan, Wuotan and Allfather. Odin is half-god and half-giant as his mother is the giantess Bestla and his father is Borr.
He created the universe by killing the proto-being Ymir whose flesh became the Nine Realms. Unlike those deities, Odin played many roles.
Combined, they make Od-inn a Master of Ecstasy. How can an old, wise, and white-bearded man be viewed as a master of ecstasy?
In Norse mythology, Odin is described as a bearded old wanderer. However, he is also several other things such as:. Though this symbol appeared many times in ancient depictions, the name "Valknut" has just been coined in later centuries.
To the belief of the Norsemen, Valknut symbol was the welcoming gesture of Odin offering to the fallen warriors. Odin welcomed to come and live in Valhalla the Golden Hall of the fallen in Asgard.
Ancient depiction of Valknut symbol on a stone found in Sweden. The modern interpretation has stretched the meaning of Valknut beyond Odin's welcome.
It symbolizes three basic elements of the worlds air, fire, and earth ; three phases of life infancy, growth, and death ; three stages of the cosmos creation, conservation, and destruction ; three things of humanity connection mind, body, and spirit ; etc.
In Ragnarok, Fenrir was set to slay Odin. But the pair of wolves in Norse mythology was a symbol of Odin. Odin raised a pair of wolves named as Freki and Geri as his constant companions.
They regard it as a religious duty to offer to him, on fixed days, human as well as other sacrificial victims. Hercules and Mars they appease by animal offerings of the permitted kind" and adds that a portion of the Suebi also venerate "Isis".
Anthony Birley noted that Odin's apparent identification with Mercury has little to do with Mercury's classical role of being messenger of the gods, but appears to be due to Mercury's role of psychopomp.
But their rankings in their respective religious spheres may have been very different. Regarding the Germanic peoples, Caesar states: "[T]hey consider the gods only the ones that they can see, the Sun, Fire and the Moon", which scholars reject as clearly mistaken, regardless of what may have led to the statement.
Although the English kingdoms were converted as a result of Christianization of the Germanic peoples by the 7th century, Odin is frequently listed as a founding figure among the Old English royalty.
Odin may also be referenced in the riddle Solomon and Saturn. In the Nine Herbs Charm , Odin is said to have slain a wyrm serpent, European dragon by way of nine "glory twigs".
Preserved from an 11th-century manuscript, the poem is, according to Bill Griffiths, "one of the most enigmatic of Old English texts".
The section that mentions Odin is as follows:. A serpent came crawling but it destroyed no one when Woden took nine twigs of glory, and then struck the adder so that it flew into nine pieces.
There archived apple and poison that it never would re-enter the house. The emendation of nan to 'man' has been proposed. The next stanza comments on the creation of the herbs chervil and fennel while hanging in heaven by the 'wise lord' witig drihten and before sending them down among mankind.
Regarding this, Griffith comments that "In a Christian context 'hanging in heaven' would refer to the crucifixion ; but remembering that Woden was mentioned a few lines previously there is also a parallel, perhaps a better one, with Odin, as his crucifixion was associated with learning.
The Old English rune poem recounts the Old English runic alphabet, the futhorc. Due to this and the content of the stanzas, several scholars have posited that this poem is censored, having originally referred to Odin.
Woden was equated with Mercury, the god of eloquence among other things. The tales about the Norse god Odin tell how he gave one of his eyes in return for wisdom; he also won the mead of poetic inspiration.
Luckily for Christian rune-masters, the Latin word os could be substituted without ruining the sense, to keep the outward form of the rune name without obviously referring to Woden.
In the poem Solomon and Saturn , "Mercurius the Giant" Mercurius se gygand is referred to as an inventor of letters.
This may also be a reference to Odin, who is in Norse mythology the founder of the runic alphabets, and the gloss a continuation of the practice of equating Odin with Mercury found as early as Tacitus.
The 7th-century Origo Gentis Langobardorum , and Paul the Deacon 's 8th-century Historia Langobardorum derived from it, recount a founding myth of the Langobards Lombards , a Germanic people who ruled a region of the Italian Peninsula.
According to this legend, a "small people" known as the Winnili were ruled by a woman named Gambara who had two sons, Ybor and Aio.
The Vandals , ruled by Ambri and Assi , came to the Winnili with their army and demanded that they pay them tribute or prepare for war. Ybor, Aio, and their mother Gambara rejected their demands for tribute.
Ambri and Assi then asked the god Godan for victory over the Winnili, to which Godan responded in the longer version in the Origo : "Whom I shall first see when at sunrise, to them will I give the victory.
Meanwhile, Ybor and Aio called upon Frea, Godan's wife. Frea counselled them that "at sunrise the Winnil[i] should come, and that their women, with their hair let down around the face in the likeness of a beard should also come with their husbands".
At sunrise, Frea turned Godan's bed around to face east and woke him. Godan saw the Winnili and their whiskered women and asked, "who are those Long-beards?
Godan did so, "so that they should defend themselves according to his counsel and obtain the victory". Thenceforth the Winnili were known as the Langobards 'long-beards'.
Writing in the mid-7th century, Jonas of Bobbio wrote that earlier that century the Irish missionary Columbanus disrupted an offering of beer to Odin vodano " whom others called Mercury " in Swabia.
A 10th-century manuscript found in Merseburg , Germany, features a heathen invocation known as the Second Merseburg Incantation , which calls upon Odin and other gods and goddesses from the continental Germanic pantheon to assist in healing a horse:.
Phol ende uuodan uuoran zi holza. Phol and Woden travelled to the forest. Then was for Baldur 's foal its foot wrenched. Then encharmed it Sindgund and Sunna her sister, then encharmed it Frija and Volla her sister, then encharmed it Woden , as he the best could, As the bone-wrench, so for the blood wrench, and so the limb-wrench bone to bone, blood to blood, limb to limb, so be glued.
In the 11th century, chronicler Adam of Bremen recorded in a scholion of his Gesta Hammaburgensis Ecclesiae Pontificum that a statue of Thor, whom Adam describes as "mightiest", sat enthroned in the Temple at Uppsala located in Gamla Uppsala, Sweden flanked by Wodan Odin and " Fricco ".
Regarding Odin, Adam defines him as "frenzy" Wodan, id est furor and says that he "rules war and gives people strength against the enemy" and that the people of the temple depict him as wearing armour, "as our people depict Mars".
In the 12th century, centuries after Norway was "officially" Christianised, Odin was still being invoked by the population, as evidenced by a stick bearing a runic message found among the Bryggen inscriptions in Bergen, Norway.
On the stick, both Thor and Odin are called upon for help; Thor is asked to "receive" the reader, and Odin to "own" them.
Odin is mentioned or appears in most poems of the Poetic Edda , compiled in the 13th century from traditional source material reaching back to the pagan period.
The meaning of these gifts has been a matter of scholarly disagreement and translations therefore vary. During this, the first war of the world, Odin flung his spear into the opposing forces of the Vanir.
While the name of the tree is not provided in the poem and other trees exist in Norse mythology, the tree is near universally accepted as the cosmic tree Yggdrasil , and if the tree is Yggdrasil , then the name Yggdrasil Old Norse 'Ygg's steed' directly relates to this story.
Odin is associated with hanging and gallows ; John Lindow comments that "the hanged 'ride' the gallows". On the mountain Sigurd sees a great light, "as if fire were burning, which blazed up to the sky".
Sigurd approaches it, and there he sees a skjaldborg a tactical formation of shield wall with a banner flying overhead. Sigurd enters the skjaldborg , and sees a warrior lying there—asleep and fully armed.
Fenrir is the son of Loki and a giantess. He was a large wolf who would not stop growing and who was uncontrollable, even by the gods.
Dwarfs fashioned a chain to keep Fenrir under control. According to myth Fenrir is still chained and plots his revenge for being contained.
At the dawn of Ragnarok Fenrir will break free and eat the moon and the sun. He will also kill Odin. Fenrir is a symbol of destructive forces.
He is something that cannot be contained and will wreak havoc upon the earth. The Vikings were one of the first Norsemen to travel and conquer parts of Europe.
They were able to do this with their longships. Longships were made to be rowed or used with a sail.
They stood up to the ocean and were important in wars. They could sail in both small streams and oceans and could be used to outpace their enemies.
The curled front of the ship made many Europeans call them dragon ships. These were not large ships but were more like boats. Still, the Vikings used them to conquer Europe and sail to North America.
Viking would often be buried in their longships so they could be used in the afterlife. There were two famous longships in Viking mythology.
Frey was the god of fertility and peace. His ship could be folded up and stored in a pocket. It could also hold all the gods.
The second ship is Nalgfar.